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IARU Lexicon of Research Terms

This lexicon is designed as an aid to international research collaborations. Where these terms are used in legal agreements it is essential to check the definitions section of the agreement in case there are contract specific meanings.


Acquisition Cost of Equipment (USA)

Net invoice price of the equipment, including the cost of modifications, attachments, accessories, or auxiliary apparatus necessary to make the property usable for the purpose for which it was acquired. Other charges, such as the cost of installation, transportation, taxes, duty or protective in-transit insurance, shall be included or excluded from the unit acquisition cost in accordance with the recipient’s regular accounting practices.

Action

is the new EU word for Project. Previously also known as Instrument.

Adverse Event

used in research on human and animal subjects to cover an event which during a research project or trial which is unpredicted and usually merits investigation.

Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)

is a term that covers methods of attempting to resolve a dispute without going to court.

Annex

documents added to a contract and usually incorporated into the contract also known as Appendix or Schedule or Annexure.

Annexure

see annex

APC – Article Processing Charge

a fee paid to a publisher to make an article free at the point of access. In Singapore, we also use the term Publication Charges.

Appendix

see annex

Application package

A group of specific forms and documents for a specific funding opportunity which are used to apply for a grant. The application package is often referred to as the “proposal”. If the sponsor approves the proposal for funding, it will result in an award.

Arbitration

This is a method of dispute resolution (see ADR) where a private tribunal rather than the courts of competent Jurisdiction determines the dispute between the parties to an agreement.

ARC - (Australia)

Australian Research Council. The main source of funding for projects in Humanities, Arts, Social Science and the Physical Sciences in Australia.

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